Diverse Xenophobia?

Anti-Romani Stereotypes in Private Discourse in Hungary in the First Half of the Twentieth Century





Hungary, antisemitism, antigypsyism, diaries, egodocuments, stereotypes, media history


This study examines, through a comparative analysis of diaries, the images that diarists associated with Romani in Hungary. The results indicate that diarists from the urban middle class did not associate mainly negative images with the Roma. On the other hand, the study also shows that diarists who were anti-Semitic were not necessarily anti-Roma. In other words, two quite different images of Gypsies and Jews prevailed in public thought and discourse both during and before the Second World War, one clearly anti-Jewish and the other less anti-Roma. This study interprets the intensity of anti-Gypsy images in the context of a historical perspective. In the final section, I will analyse the question of how and why an anti-Jewish Hungarian society between the two world wars became anti-Gypsy today.

Author Biography

  • Gergely Kunt, University of Miskolc, Hungary

    Gergely Kunt is a social historian and Assistant Professor at the University of Miskolc, Hungary. He earned his PhD in History at the University of Budapest (ELTE) in 2013. He has been collecting privately owned diaries and has acquired numerous unpublished diary manuscripts from the period of the Holocaust and the Communist era. He is one of the founding members of the European Diary Archives and Collections (EDAC) and author of The Children‘s Republic of Gaudiopolis: The History and Memory of a Children‘s Home for Holocaust and War Orphans (2022), as well as of several monographs in Hungarian. He has been a Core Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study at the Central European University, a Weickert Postdoctoral Fellow at the Fritz Bauer Institut at the University of Frankfurt am Main, and a Research Fellow at the Vienna Wiesenthal Institute for Holocaust Studies.

    Email: gergely.kunt@uni-miskolc.hu




How to Cite

“Diverse Xenophobia? Anti-Romani Stereotypes in Private Discourse in Hungary in the First Half of the Twentieth Century ”. 2023. S: I.M.O.N. Shoah: Intervention. Methods. Documentation. 10 (3): 65-85. https://doi.org/10.23777/sn.0323/art_gkun01.