Oskar Scheuer and Student Antisemitism in Vienna

Negotiating Jewish Difference


  • Roland Clark University of Liverpool




student fraternities, Deutsche Hochschule, Zionism, antisemitism, nationalism


A dermatologist by training, Oskar Franz Scheuer (1876-c.1941) renounced his Jewish ancestry in order to embrace the German nationalism associated with the student fraternities Fidelitas and Allemannia. As the editor of the magazine Deutsche Hochschule (German University) between 1910 and 1922, Scheuer found himself at the centre of debates over Jewish difference, Zionism, Austrianness, and antisemitism. After criticising Vienna’s Zionists before the First World War, Scheuer found himself arguing for the importance of tolerating Jews once Austria’s fraternities became increasingly antisemitic. His polemics and his use of historical research provide valuable insights into the delicate balance nationalist Germans of Jewish descent had to maintain during the first decades of the twentieth century.

Author Biography

Roland Clark, University of Liverpool

Roland Clark is Senior Lecturer in Modern European History at the University of Liverpool. He specialises in the history of East-Central Europe, and of interwar Romania in particular. He has studied at the University of Sydney (Australia) and the University of Pittsburgh (USA), and has taught at Eastern Connecticut State University (USA) and the University of Liverpool (UK). He is a Senior Fellow with the Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right and President of the Society for Romanian Studies. His research interests include fascism, social movements, violence, gender, theology, and lived religion.




How to Cite

Clark, Roland. 2021. “Oskar Scheuer and Student Antisemitism in Vienna: Negotiating Jewish Difference”. S: I.M.O.N. Shoah: Intervention. Methods. Documentation. 8 (3):33-47. https://doi.org/10.23777/SN.0221/ART_RCLA01.