Betraying Your Own
Jewish Spies and the Deportation of Jews in Second World War
Keywords:Holocaust, Jewish spies, Second World War, Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany, Post-Anschluss Austria, Rome, Berlin, Vienna, Vertrauensmänner, Fascism, Nazism, Repression, Surveillance, Gender, Victims, Perpetrators
This article shows how the Fascist and the Nazi regimes orchestrated their repression proactively. They took advantage of Jewish informers who betrayed their own people, with traumatic consequences for their individual and their community’s sense of identity. No spies were needed to arrest Jewish people under normal circumstances, but spies were essential for finding Jews who had gone into hiding in large cities. This article, based on previous research, court trials of convicted spies, and other archival and documentary material, illustrates this system of repression with cases in Austria, Germany, and Italy.
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