S:I.M.O.N. is an e-journal of the Vienna Wiesenthal Institute for Holocaust Studies (VWI). It appears twice a year in English and German language. S:I.M.O.N. aims at both a transnational and comparative history of the Holocaust and Jewish Studies in Central and Eastern Europe within the broader contexts of the European history of the 20th and 21st century, including its prehistory, consequences and legacies as well as the history of memory.

S:I.M.O.N. serves as a forum for discussion of various methodological approaches. The journal especially wishes to strengthen the exchange between researchers from different scientific communities and to integrate both the Jewish history and the history of the Holocaust into the different “national” narratives. It also lays a special emphasis on memory studies and the analysis of politics of memory.  S:I.M.O.N. uses a double-blind review system, which means that both the reviewer’s and the author’s identities are concealed from each other hroughout the review process.

Shoah: The journal deals with the history of the Shoah from multidisciplinary, transnational and comparative perspectives. It seeks to integrate studies on Jews as well as on other groups of victims of the Holocaust, especially on Roma, and of so far less researched regions of (East) Central and (South) Eastern Europe.

Intervention. The journal reports on research projects and their transmission into public events. It also informs about current educational and remembrance programs.

Methods. The journal serves as a forum for the discussion of methodological approaches as, for instance, the everyday history, oral history, gender history, the history of violence, anti-Semitism and racism and the theory of memory and memory politics.

DocumentatiON. The journal contributes to critical approaches on using and interpreting archival materials in the 21st century. 

Download the current issue S:I.M.O.N. 2017/2.


Download PDFThis contribution uses a case study in order to establish the fundamental theses for a research project on the mass media representation of migration in Vienna and Berlin during the interwar period. What knowledge about migratory movement and experiences was spread in the public spheres of both metropolises via the daily press? The institutionalised production and distribution of knowledge made the press a decisive contributor to what was socially accepted to express and visible, to the definition of topics and therefore the collective perception of social contrasts: the media did no merely reflect, but also produced social realities. The case study refers to strongly antisemitic excesses in the Scheunenviertel in Berlin, a district that was largely inhabited by migrants, in early November 1923. It investigates the depiction and interpretation of these events in the Viennese press against a two-fold backdrop and context: the Danubian city's role as the destiny of a massive migration movement that had developed since the collapse of the Habsburg empire and partly even before, as well as Vienna's predominant antisemitism.


Download PDFHolocaust and Genocide Studies emerged as a new discipline during the 1990s, particularly so in the Anglo-Saxon world. This development also established a new culture of remembrance and treatment of the collective past and public apologies for historical crimes. Since then, several countries have institutionalized Holocaust memorial days and similar institutions in a range of formats, several governments have apologized for historical injustices in various manners. Yet, there remains the question of a precise definition of a genocide – and in what way the term is connected to the Holocaust, the murder of the European Jews. How are these two related? What is the social function of such official or semi-official remembrances, and what is their role in society?

In his lecture, Dirk Moses endeavoured to clarify whether the insights gained from the history of the Holocaust and other genocides in general – namely, the imperative of 'tolerance' – really does provide an adequate answer to this challenge.


Download PDFDuring the clerical-fascist Slovak State, "Tóno" Brtko, a docile and poor carpenter, is offered the possibility to 'aryanise' the small Main Street sewing accessories shop of Rozália Lautmannová. Torn between his good-natured principles and his greedy wife Evelyna, he finally agrees to take over the shop by making the deaf and senile lady believe he is her nephew arriving to help her out. Yet he then discovers that the business is bankrupt, and Ms. Lautmannová is only relying on donations from the Jewish community. While letting his wife believe he is making money from the shop, he gradually becomes a supporter of the old lady. More and more, a cordial relationship between the two evolves. When the Slovak authorities finally decide to deport the Jewish population of the small town, Tóno, in a deep conflict with himself and his values, finally opts for hiding Ms. Lautmannová – a decision which turns into tragedy. Obchod na korze won the 'Oscar' for Best Foreign Language Film in 1966. The film was presented on the occasion of a VWI-Visuals presentation on 29 January 2015 in Vienna's Admiralkino.

Eleonore Lappin-Eppel, Katharina und Johann Soukup (Hg.)

„... zu lesen, wenn alles vorüber ist".

Rita Maria Rockenbauer, Briefe 1938-1942


Die vorliegende Sammlung enthält die Briefe, die Rita Maria Rockenbauer in den Jahren 1938–1942 an ihren Mann schrieb. Sie reflektieren den vergeblichen Kampf einer jungen jüdischen Frau aus Wien um die Liebe ihres Mannes und um ihr Überleben. Die meisten Briefe schrieb Rita Rockenbauer während ihrer Internierung im Sammellager Wien 2., Kleine Sperlgasse 2a und schmuggelte sie zu ihrem von ihr bereits geschiedenen Mann Emil Rockenbauer hinaus. Der letzte Brief entstand unmittelbar vor ihrer Deportation nach Maly Trostinec. Hinter den Briefen verbirgt sich eine verstörende Geschichte von Gier und Verrat aus dem nationalsozialistischen Wien, deren Opfer Rita Rockenbauer wurde und die die Gerichte in der NS-Zeit und in den ersten Nachkriegsjahren beschäftigte.

Eleonore Lappin-Eppel ist wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Zentrum für jüdische Kulturgeschichte und am Institut für Kulturwissenschaften und Theatergeschichte der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Katharina und Johann Soukup sind durch ihre Freundschaft mit Emil Rockenbauer und seiner zweiten Frau in den Besitz der schriftlichen Zeugnisse von Rita Maria Rockenbauer gelangt. 2010 haben sie die Gedichte der Autorin herausgegeben. Nun folgen die Briefen, die den literarischen Nachlass ergänzen.

Wien 2014

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